Faced with the challenge of commissioning a new packaging line in time for the annual summer run on soft drinks, Amalgamated Beverage Industries (ABI), the soft drink division of The South African Breweries Limited, turned to line performance improvement for a solution. This solution came with its own implementation challenges, including OEM coding standards, infrastructure installation and technology maturity.
The main business goal was to improve and accelerate packaging line commissioning which led to the necessity for tracking machine performance parameters, reducing manual data capture, improving the accuracy of measurements and establishing reference points in order to better evaluate the reports from OEMs regarding the performance of their machines.
“This last point is of great importance to us,” says John Coetzee, SAB Business Systems Manager, Manufacturing. “OEMs are responsible for the performance and the commissioning of their machines until handover and without a yardstick, it would be difficult for us to evaluate the meaning of the statistics they provide.”
Another objective of this project was to serve as “proof of concept” regarding the implementation of OMAC / PackML standards as well as the level of interaction that would be required with OEMs. “We also wanted to evaluate the available toolsets that could help us with performance improvements and determine what part of the project yielded the most value,” adds Coetzee.
SAB selected system integrator EOH Mining and Manufacturing (EOHMM) to implement the project for the soft drinks line being commissioned at ABI Pretoria. EOHMM was charged with compiling the user requirements specification, doing a thin-slice implementation for the filler, developing and implementing the full application right through to the end-user reports, doing the factory acceptance testing, commissioning the system and training users and the technical team on how to manage and maintain the application.
The new system would have to:
- Leverage the existing and mature SAP process order / Daily Production Reporting (DPR) facilities
- Conform with international standards (OMAC/PackML)
- Conform with SAB standards with respect to HMI/SCADA (mimics, etc.), ArchestrA, naming of plant equipment and also the DPR which has its own standard for the classification of faults and fault codes
- Capture downtime through the OMAC model for the filler as well as the rest of the line equipment (the filler being more complex than the rest of the equipment since it required operator input for context such as faulty raw material, up or downstream stoppages, etc.)
The software chosen to address these and other issues included the AVEVA (formerly Wonderware) MES software, ArchestrA-based System Platform application development infrastructure, InTouch HMI/SCADA, Information Server web portal and real-time Historian. “From Microsoft, we used the Hyper V 2008 Virtualisation solution as well as SQL 2005 / Reporting Services and Windows 2003 / Server Platform,” says EOHMM MES Specialist Paul Kotzé. “In addition, we used the Siemens S7 300/400 PLC suite driver from Software Toolbox and the ProsCon OPC client for interfacing to the Palletiser and Caser.
The project started in August of 2008 and is currently on-going with a number of future enhancements planned.
“Since we didn’t want to be the middle man, EOHMM was to interface directly with the packaging line equipment OEM who, in this case, is KHS,” says Coetzee. “We took a collaborative engineering approach involving the ABI process control manager who advised regarding processes and procedures, the SAB Manufacturing Systems division for design guidelines and standards and EOHMM for all the engineering aspects. This worked very well.”
Production orders generated by SAP are currently entered manually into the MES in the same way that lost time and production quantities are fed back to SAP. Eventually, this will be automated through the integration of MES and ERP functions.
“[AVEVA] MES software is required to add context to the captured information, without which the raw data isn’t too helpful,” says Coetzee. “The software also tracks production volumes and deliveries against the downloaded production order.”
The system design is based on the existing DPR standards for reason code groupings and makes use of the System Platform’s object-oriented technology to define standard components ranging from work order schedules to conveyors (including air conveyors used for aseptic conditions). “The ability to define standardised components greatly reduces engineering effort in the long run,” says Kotzé. “It also makes their maintenance and deployment a great deal easier.”
What didn’t make things easier was that the project was being implemented at the same time as the packaging line it was to monitor was being commissioned. “The focus is naturally on the line itself being able to deliver the goods and not on the software infrastructure that will monitor it,” says Coetzee, “and this made life quite difficult for EOHMM.”
The InTouch screens show the standardised PackML / OMAC information blocks which display the state of the various machines (see figure 4). To prevent operator confusion, only the availability component of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) information is normally shown although the full OEE dashboard is available on request.
In addition to OEE dashboards, any specified portion of the HMI screens can be made to display various information such as downtime Pareto charts (including the reason for machine stoppages as well as stoppage frequency and duration), job progress and live or historical performance trending. The selected portion of the screen can also be used for handling process orders.
“The accuracy of the downtime reports is such that even the OEM is using them to troubleshoot their equipment in preference to the manual tracking sheets they normally use when commissioning,” says Coetzee.
- Accurate and real-time downtime reporting – has proved of great business value to ABI (e.g., raw material quality) and diagnostic value to the OEM
- More accurate estimate of reject counts/crates on the line – it was previously very difficult to do this since all the information wasn’t readily available. It’s now possible to more accurately forecast where production will stand at the end of the day
- Openness – OMAC/PackML and ISA-95 compliance will provide far more flexibility in the future and allow enhancing the solution through product upgrades
- Reporting of all micro stops – automatic logging of stoppages, no matter their duration, has eliminated the error-prone method of manual logging. “Major stoppages are well known but it’s the micro stops that kill performance,” says Coetzee
- Analysis capability – being in a database rather than captured manually, information is now readily available for any number or types of analyses